Water Service Lines

Copper is strong, durable and corrosion resistant as well as recyclable. These features coupled with the higher efficiency of small diameter tubes make copper the preferred choice for heating and cooling applications.

Small-diameter copper tubes are being developed at an accelerated pace to assist in the attainment of sustainability goals for heating and cooling. Copper is an essential component of sustainable technologies. It plays a key role in decarbonization and electrification.

A key advantage of small diameter copper tubes is that they allow high heat transfer capacity in a compact space, resulting in less material usage and higher system-wide energy efficiency for appliances and equipment. Higher system efficiencies for air-conditioners and refrigeration equipment contribute to decarbonization since less energy is necessary for the same performance results. These features make copper the resilient and sustainable choice for heating and cooling applications.

Flint Water Plant

Tubes and Coils

  • Copper versus Aluminum
  • The Great Coil Debate: A Brief History
  • Advantages of Smaller Diameter Copper Tubes 
  • The Purpose of the Inner Grooves
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Design of Advanced Heat Exchangers 

  • Aluminum Micro-Channel Tubes
  • Tube Spacing and Fin Design
  • Tube Circuitry
  • Manufacturing Equipment and Processes
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Performance Simulators

  • CoilDesigner from OTS
  • HPDM from ORNL
  • Simulation Software from ICA
  • Unilab and Others
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Copper Tube Specifications

  • Tube Wall Thickness
  • High-Strength Alloy for R744
  • Specifying Inner Grooves
  • Packaging, Cleanliness and Precision
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Applications and Case Studies

  • Residential HVAC
  • Commercial HVAC
  • Refrigeration Equipment
  • Copper’s Role in Emerging Technologies
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Performance Simulators

  • CoilDesigner from OTS

For Media Inquiries

Contact: Crystal Rankin
[email protected]

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