Guide Specifications on Plumbing
Part 1 - General


  1. ASTM International: Standard Specification for ...
    1. ASTM B 32 - Solder Metal.
    2. ASTM B 75 - Seamless Copper Tube.
    3. ASTM B 88 - Seamless Copper Water Tube.
    4. ASTM B 280 - Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service.
    5. ASTM B 306 - Copper Drainage Tube (DWV).
    6. ASTM B 584 - Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications.
    7. ASTM B 813 - Liquid and Paste Fluxes for Soldering Applications of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube.
    8. ASTM B 819 - Seamless Copper Tube for Medical Gas Systems.
    9. ASTM B 828 - Standard Practice for Making Capillary Joints by Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube and Fittings.
    10. ASTM B 837 - Seamless Copper Tube for Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gas Fuel Distribution Systems.
    11. ASTM A 47 - Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings.
    12. ASTM A 536 - Ductile Iron Castings.
  2. American National Standards Institute/American Welding Society:
    1. ANSI/AWS A5.8 - Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing.
    2. ANSI/AWS A5.31 - Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding.
    3. ANSI/AWS B2.2 - Standard for Brazing Procedure and Performance Qualification.
    4. ANSI/AWS C3.4 - Specification for Torch Brazing.
  3. ASME International:
    1. ASME B1.20.1 - Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch).
    2. ASME B16.18 - Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings.
    3. ASME B16.21 - Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges.
    4. ASME B16.22 - Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Pressure Fittings.
    5. ASME B16.23 - Cast Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV.
    6. ASME B16.24 - Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Class 150, 300, 400, 600, 900, 1500, and 2500.
    7. ASME B16.26 - Cast Copper Alloy fittings for Flared Copper Tubes.
    8. ASME B16.29 - Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder-Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV.
    9. ASME B16.50 - Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Braze-Joint Pressure Fittings
    10. ASME B16.51 - Cast and Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Press-Connect Pressure Fittings
    11. ASME B31.1 - Power Piping.
    12. ASME B31.5 - Refrigeration Piping.
    13. ASME B31.9 - Building Services Piping.
    14. ASME Section IX - Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding and Brazing Qualification.
  4. National Fire Protection Association:
    1. NFPA 13 - Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems.
    2. NFPA 13D - Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Mobile Homes.
    3. NFPA 13R - Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems for Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height.
    4. NFPA 14 - Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems.
    5. NFPA 14A - Recommended Practice for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Standpipe and Hose Systems.
    6. NFPA 25 - Standard for Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water Based Fire Protection Systems.
    7. NFPA 54 - National Fuel Gas Code.
    8. NFPA 99 - Standard for Health Care Facilities.
  5. Manufacturers' Standardization Society:
    1. MSS-SP-58 - Pipe Hangers and Supports - Materials, Design and Manufacture.
    2. MSS-SP-69 - Pipe Hangers and Supports - Selection and Application.
    3. MSS-SP-73 - Silver Brazing Joints for Wrought and Cast Solder-Joint Fittings.
    4. MSS-SP-89 - Pipe Hangers and Supports - Fabrication and Installation Practices.
  6. Compressed Gas Association:
    1. Pamphlet G - 4.1 - Cleaning Equipment for Oxygen Service.
  7. ASSE International:
    1. ANSI/ASSE 1061 - Push-fit Fittings


  1. Qualify soldering processes, procedures, and solderers for copper and copper alloy pipe and tube in accordance with ASTM B 828.
  2. Qualify brazing processes for copper and copper alloy pipe and tube according to ANSI/AWS C3.4.
    1. Qualify brazing procedures and brazer performance in accordance with either Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, or AWS B2.2.


  1. Pipe and tube required by the applicable standard to be cleaned and capped shall be delivered to the job site with factory-applied end-caps. Maintain end-caps through shipping, storage, and handling to prevent pipe-end damage and prevent entrance of dirt, debris, and moisture.
  2. Protect stored pipe and tube from moisture and dirt. Elevate above grade. When stored inside, do not exceed the structural capacity of the floor.
  3. Protect fittings, flanges, and piping specialties from moisture and dirt.

This Guide Specification has been prepared for the use of professionals involved in the design, specification, installation and repair of copper and copper alloy piping systems in buildings. It has been compiled from information sources that the Copper Development Association Inc. (CDA) believes to be competent. However, CDA assumes no responsibility or liability of any kind in connection with this document or its use by any person or organization and makes no representations or warranties of any kind thereby.

The requirements contained in this Guide Specification are intended solely as a guide for the design professional and represent minimum recommendations and requirements. These should in no way be substituted for sound engineering practice and judgment. Local codes should be consulted and used to modify this Guide Specification to meet actual project requirements.